Working with symbols – general rules

CADprofi program possesses several commands used for inserting symbols into the drawing. It is possible to insert symbols in any point, into lines, as well as the simultaneous insertion of multiple symbols in the drawing.

CADprofi symbols have certain properties, thank to which they behave in a "smart" way, for example automatically adjust the insertion angle to the line, automatically break the line at insertion point, adjust the layer depending on the kind of installation etc.

All symbols available in CADprofi program are being inserted as blocks, which can be copied, deleted or edited with the use of standard CAD program commands. Most symbols can be also edited with the use of CADprofi editing commands such as: Quick edit, Edit symbols and Delete symbols.

Symbols are often used to graphically represent real devices, armature and other installations elements, therefore it is possible to add technical parameters, about the products used in the project, to the symbols (Attributes and descriptions command), as well as numbering and symbols' marks. This information can be used when describing drawings when creating graphical legends or specifications (check page 55).

 

The following commands are used in order to insert symbols into the drawing: Multisymbols, Symbols and Marks.

Each command that is used for working with symbols has got a variety of options used insertion of single or multiple symbols into the drawing.
Main options (available after pressing the button):

    Insert symbol or symbols.

    Into many lines.

    In extension.

    Into point.

 

 

‘Insert symbol’ option

This is the default option that allows to insert symbols in any point or into a line indicated by user.


Insert into a line

Insert in any point

 

Procedures                                                                      

Insert symbol

1.    Select the symbols or symbols in any library.

2.    Click the Insert symbol button. The library dialog window will close allowing insertion of symbols into the drawing.

3.    Point into a line, in which you would like to insert the symbol.

4.    (Optional) Click anywhere in the drawing to insert a symbol.

5.    (Optional) Specify the rotation angle of inserted symbol - this option is available only if user has selected the Rotate option in the library dialog window.

 

 

When inserting symbols into lines, the symbol insertion angle depends on the line angle (the angle specified in the dialog box is being ignored).

In this case, if user selects the Rotate option then he will be able to specify symbol's rotation relatively to the line. This option is very convenient when inserting symbols which have a possibility to determine their tap direction, handle position, flow direction etc.

The angle of such symbol will be dependant on the position of P2 point.


Without rotation

With rotation

 

‘Into point’ option

The Into point option may be used when it is necessary to insert the symbol in a point that lies on a line, but in such a way that the symbol won't "adjust itself to the line". In this option, the inserted symbol "ignores" the line, so it does not break it and it does not take angle from it. This option is used in many situations for example when inserting sensors, which usually need to touch lines.

 


Inserting symbol in a line point

Inserting sensor in a line point

 

Procedures                                                                      

Insert into indicated point        

1.    Select the symbols or symbols in any library.

2.    With the use of  button, pull-down the insertion list.

3.    Click the Into point button. The library dialog window will close allowing insertion of symbols into the drawing.

4.    Point into a point in a line, in which you would like to insert the symbol.

5.    (Optional) Click anywhere in the drawing to insert a symbol.

6.    (Optional) Specify the rotation angle of inserted symbol - this option is available only if user has selected the Rotate option in the library dialog window.

 

 

‘In extension’ option

The In extension option allows to precisely specify the symbol insertion point in relation to other objects located in the drawing. This allows to insert a symbol in a point in accordance with for example another symbol.

Inserting in extension

 

Procedures                                                                      

Insert in extension

1.    Select the symbols or symbols in any library.

2.    With the use of  button, pull-down the insertion list.

3.    Click the In extension button. The library dialog window will close allowing insertion of symbols into the drawing.

4.    Click a line, in which you would like to insert the symbol (P1).

5.    Specify the symbol insertion point against you would like to specify the location of the inserted element (P2).

6.    Specify an additional offset or click Enter to confirm the insertion point.

7.    (Optional) Specify the rotation angle of inserted symbol - this option is available only if user has selected the Rotate option in the library dialog window.

8.    Symbol will be inserted in the drawing and the command will end (if user has not selected the Insert multiple option).

 

 

‘Into many lines’ option

Into many lines option gives the possibility to quickly insert selected symbol into many lines. It allows to insert selected symbol into all lines that cross with the „indication line”, that was specified during insertion (P1P2).

 


Inserting symbols into many lines

 

Procedures                                                                      

Insert into many lines

1.    Select the symbols or symbols in any library.

2.    With the use of  button, pull-down the insertion list.

3.    Click the Into many lines button. The library dialog window will close allowing insertion of symbols into the drawing.

4.    Specify the first point of the “crossing line” that will cross with lines (P1).

5.    Specify the second point of the “crossing line” that will cross with lines (P2).

6.    The selected symbol will be inserted in all lines that crossed with the “crossing line”.

 

 

Symbols in isometry

CADprofi allows to create axonometric drawings. CADprofi application performs an appropriate transformation of inserted symbols in such a way that they are given an inclination that corresponds with the current isometric angle.

After selecting the Isometry option, the meaning of rotation and mirror controls changes. The default symbols insertion angle is the isometric angle that is defined in the CADprofi options (check page 33).

   

   

    Turn symbol allows to insert a reverse symbol,e.g. directed in opposite direction.

    Symbol orientation allows to insert a symbol, that is rotated with respect to the selected isometry axis.

Symbol orientation may differ depending on the isometry axis. This means that with the same settings , the symbol inserted in the right axis can be oriented horizontally, and if is inserted in the left axis can be oriented vertically. Therefore, user will need to gain experience in working with CADprofi in order to create axometrical drawings efficiently.

 


Turn symbol

Symbol orientation

 

 

Isometric views for symbols are being generated automatically. Some symbols were not intended to be used in axonometric drawings. Therefore, for a small number of symbols, their isometric view may be generated in an invalid way.

User may add his own new symbols (check page 108) to CADprofi. These symbols can also be used in axonometric drawings. Simply add a normal symbol to the CADprofi application and isometric views of these symbols will be created automatically by the program. When defining your own blocks, user should avoid using complex objects, such as multilines, splines, nested blocks, hatches etc.

 


User symbol

Automatic isometric view

Additional information about creating isometric drawings is available in the

Pipes/Ducts – scheme

) and Attributes and descriptions) chapters.

Usage of symbols inserted with a fixed angle

In order to maintain the project correctness, some symbols are being inserted with a fixed angle. Examples include gravels and separators. These symbols should be inserted with a 0° angle.

In CADprofi many symbols have got an enforced insertion angle. When user will insert such symbols in horizontal or vertical lines, these lines will automatically break. In other cases, lines are not being broken.

 


Vertical line

Horizontal line

Incline line

 

Notice

For symbols with a fixed insertion angle, "Angle" and "Rotation" options located in the dialog box are being ignored.

Symbols that contain text (visible attributes)

For symbols that contain text (visible attributes) CADprofi program will automatically adjust angle of the text. Thanks to this the situation in which text would be displayed "upside down" or "backwards" is being avoided. User has the following possibilities to adjust texts:

    0° fixed angle.

    0° or 90° angle. If symbol is inserted with a 90° angle, then the text is also rotated by 90°. In other cases the text angle is 0°.

    Automatic angle from -30° to +120°. In these ranges the text rotation angle is sufficiently readable.

 


Adjustment of attributes angle

 

Notice

Options for text adjusting are permanently set for each symbol. User can change these options only for symbols that were added by the user.

Smart copying of symbols

In order to accelerate the work, CADprofi program allows for smart copying of symbols from the current drawing.

The Pick symbol option is available in the Multisymbols and Ventilation - Multisymbols. After selecting this option, program will hide the dialog window and enable selection of symbols that will be copied (e.g. P1, P2, P3). Symbols will be copied in the same order that they were selected in the drawing. It is possible to select a single symbol repeatedly. After the selection of symbols is done, press the Enter key (or right mouse button). The dialog window will be displayed again, in which user will be able to freely specify all options (check page 218) related to insertion of copied symbols. The process of inserting these symbols is the same as for the symbols selected from CADprofi libraries (e.g. inserting into a point or in a line – P4, P5)

 


Copying of three symbols with inserting them in a line

 

Notice

If during the symbol selection, user will select an object, which is not compatible with the command, then it won't be added to the list of copied symbols. It is also unacceptable to simultaneously copy symbols from different modules such as for example electrical and piping symbols.

 

 

Find symbols

In each dialog window that is used for symbols insertion there is a search option, thanks to which it is possible to quickly find desired symbols.

 

 

The Find field is used to enter a phrase (full or just a part name of searched symbol). This field remembers typed words, which allow user to search again from the expanded list by pressing the  button and clicking Find.

 

After filling the search field, application will automatically filter the current library content and display only those categories which contain the objects that match the search results. Clicking the Restore button  will display all library objects and end the search.

 

 

Multivariant symbols

Multivariant symbols are objects, thanks to which in a quick and easy way user can customize their view or information contained in the inserted object. In this way, one multivariant symbol can replace many "traditional" ones, while giving a better possibility to configure their look and type.

Multivariant symbols may be freely modified, using the Edit symbols command.

 

Example of a multivariant symbol

Angular valve – the symbol options allow user to specify:

    type of valve,

    type of propulsion,

    type of connection regardless of both endings.

 

Opis: C:\Users\Sławek\Desktop\path4719-48-4-1.png

 

Management of symbols content

CADprofi program possesses several thousands of symbols grouped in appropriate categories. Witch such a large number it is sometimes hard to find symbols needed at the moment. On the other hand, when working on a particular project it is usually not needed to work with more than several dozens of symbols. In order to speed the work, user can add selected items to the *Favourites* category thanks to which he will be able to get a much faster access to them.

It is possible to create sub-categories related to a specific theme, such as a separate category for symbols used in designing boilers, sanitary installations and more. Furthermore, one element can be added to many sub-categories.

For elements placed in the *Favourites* category it is possible to change their name, which will be later used in BOMs, legends and descriptions. Change of name can be also used to user own translations for some symbols from international standards.

 

Adding symbols to favourites

Add to favourites  button allows to copy any symbol to the *Favourites* category. This folder is created automatically after user has copied the first symbol.

 

Changing the symbol name

Initially, each copied symbol receives the default name from the original item.

In order to change the symbol name that is located in the *Favourites* folder, user should first select it and then press the F2 button to activate the edition mode.

 

Notice

Changed name will be visible in tables and descriptions that are created with the Specifications) command.

 

 

Changing category

In order to change or define a new category, click the right mouse button on a desired symbol and from the context menu choose the Change category option.

 

 

 

In the dialog box, user can select an existing category or enter a new category name. After accepting, selected symbol will be moved to the defined category.

 

CADprofi application allows to create many copies of each symbol and it is possible to place them in different categories. Thanks to this user can create categories that group symbols of a specified type or the most common used symbols for a given industry type.

 

 

Changing the category or many symbols

If user is editing a symbol in his native category in which there are many symbols, then CADprofi application will change category for all these symbols.

 

Deleting symbols

It is possible to delete symbols from the *Favourites* category. To do so, select the symbol and choose the Delete  option from the dialog window.